Tonsillitis is an infection of the tonsils, which are small lymph nodes located in the back of the throat. It is typically caused by a viral infection, but it can also be caused by bacteria.
The most common causes are:
Viral infections, such as the common cold or flu
Bacteria, such as streptococcus
People who are more likely to develop tonsillitis include:
Those who have weakened immune systems, such as children, and older adults.
People who have allergies or other respiratory conditions may also be more prone to developing tonsillitis.
There are several factors that can increase the risk of developing tonsillitis, including:
Close contact with someone who has tonsillitis
Poor hygiene, such as not washing hands frequently
Dry air, can irritate the tonsils and make them more susceptible to infection
Smoking or exposure to secondhand smoke, can irritate the tonsils and increase the risk of infection.
Sore throat: Tonsillitis can cause a painful, scratchy sensation in the throat.
Difficulty swallowing: Swallowing may be difficult or uncomfortable due to inflammation and swelling of the tonsils.
Fever: Tonsillitis can cause a fever, which is a sign of an infection.
Swollen tonsils: The tonsils may appear red and swollen, and may have white or yellow patches on them.
Headache: A headache may be present with tonsillitis.
Fatigue: Tonsillitis can cause feelings of tiredness and lack of energy.
Bad breath: Tonsillitis can cause bad breath due to the presence of bacteria in the mouth.
Medicines help in the reduction of tonsilitis.
Avoidance of surgical removal of Tonsils may become possible in over 70% of cases
Reduction in severity of an attack of tonsilitis
Reduced need for antibiotics