Hypertension, also known as high blood pressure, is a medical condition in which the force of blood against the walls of arteries is consistently too high, which can increase the risk of heart disease, stroke, and other health problems.

Blood pressure is measured in millimeters of mercury (mmHg) and is expressed as two numbers: systolic (the top number) and diastolic (the bottom number) blood pressure. A blood pressure reading of 140/90 mmHg or higher is considered hypertension.

Risk Factors for Hypertension

Several factors can increase the risk of developing hypertension, including:

  1. Age - the risk of hypertension increases with age

  2. Family history - if someone in your family has hypertension, you are more likely to develop it as well

  3. Gender - men are at a higher risk of developing hypertension than women, until the age of 64 when the risk for both genders is about the same

  4. Race - hypertension is more common among African Americans, Hispanics, and some Asian groups

  5. Lifestyle factors - being overweight or obese, not exercising enough, smoking, drinking too much alcohol, and eating a diet high in salt and low in potassium can increase the risk of hypertension

  6. Medical conditions - diabetes, high cholesterol, sleep apnea, and kidney disease can also increase the risk of hypertension.

Symptoms of Hypertension:

Hypertension often has no noticeable symptoms, However, very high blood pressure may cause some physical signs such as:

  1. Headache

  2. Blurred vision

  3. Dizziness

  4. Chest pain

  5. Difficulty breathing

  6. Irregular heartbeat

  7. Blood in urine

  8. Nosebleeds.

Types of Hypertension?

There are two main types of hypertension:

  1. Primary (Essential) hypertension: This is the most common type of hypertension, accounting for about 90-95% of cases. Primary hypertension develops over time and has no identifiable cause. It is influenced by a combination of genetic, environmental, and lifestyle factors such as age, family history, obesity, sedentary lifestyle, high-salt diet, and stress.

  1. Secondary hypertension: This type of hypertension is caused by an underlying medical condition or medication. It accounts for approximately 5-10% of hypertension cases. Secondary hypertension can be a result of kidney disease, hormonal disorders (e.g., adrenal gland disorders or thyroid problems), certain medications (e.g., birth control pills, decongestants), sleep apnea, or conditions that affect the blood vessels.


Hypertension, if left untreated or poorly managed, can lead to various health complications, including:

  1. Cardiovascular diseases, such as heart attack and stroke, Kidney disease, or failure.

  2. Eye damage and vision loss

  3. Aneurysm or artery rupture

  4. Peripheral artery disease

  5. Cognitive impairment or dementia

  6. Sexual dysfunction

  7. Bone loss

  8. Sleep apnea

  9. Pregnancy complications

Complications of Hypertension
Complications of Hypertension

Homeopathic Approach:

Homeopathy can play a major role in the management of Essential or Secondary hypertension. As homeopathy depends upon symptoms totality and medicine is prescribed according to the totality it helps to manage this condition. Along with homeopathic medicine Lifestyle modification with moderate exercise, weight reduction, the salt restriction is essential.

Few Homeopathic medicines for Hypertension:

  1. Belladonna - This remedy is sometimes used for hypertension with a sudden onset, a feeling of fullness in the head, and a pounding headache.

  2. Natrum muriaticum - This remedy is sometimes used for hypertension that is aggravated by stress and emotional upset. People who may benefit from this remedy may also have a craving for salt.

  3. Nux vomica - This remedy is sometimes used for hypertension caused by overwork, stress, or a sedentary lifestyle. People who may benefit from this remedy may also have a tendency towards irritability and digestive problems.

  4. Lachesis - This remedy is sometimes used for hypertension with a sensation of constriction or tightness in the chest, especially on the left side. People who may benefit from this remedy may also have a tendency towards hot flashes and a dislike of tight clothing.

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